. . . when the fullness of time arrived, God sent His Son . . .
You and I, remnants of dying stars, have recently arrived on a habitable zone planet within an incredibly old cosmos . . .
American astronomer Edwin Hubble (1889-1953) discovered, through analyzing the distance and redshift effect of two dozen galaxies, that galaxies are receding from us at a velocity that is proportional to their distance from us. A clear straight-line relationship of recession velocity to distance exists and is called Hubble’s constant (H0).
From his discovery we learned that the universe is not static. It is expanding at a constant rate. And, that we are able to estimate the age of the universe based on the relationship of objects in space that were at one time tightly compacted together.
If we assume that the expansion’s apparent velocity (that is, how fast the galaxies appear to be moving apart) has been constant over the history of the universe, we can calculate how long ago the galaxies began their separation. This should tell us the time that the expansion began, which should give us an estimate of the age of the universe.
The approximate age of the universe can be derived using Hubble’s law: v = H0d where (d) is the distance between two galaxies, (v) their apparent separation velocity, (H0) the expanding universe (Hubble’s) constant. The velocity of the galaxy, aka, redshift, is directly proportional to its distance.
. . . advances in our understanding of the stars has led us to refine the ages of the stars in globular clusters, and we now estimate them to be about 13 billion years old. This means, though, that the stars in the globular clusters must have formed within the first several hundred million years of the universe’s existence!
An explanation of the age calculation and the source of the two quotes above are found here:
In addition to calculated estimates based on distance and velocity, an imaging spectrograph such as the one outfitted on the Hubble space telescope provides a detailed stellar history, in light wavelength format, of the cosmos.
A star’s spectral light provides its life story. From it we learn of the star’s distance from us, its size, its mass, its composition, its pressure, its magnetism, its solar system connection and where it is in its life cycle.
Deborah Haarsma, astronomer and president of BioLogos, provides further perspective of our cosmic setting:
With a telescope and spectrograph, we learn of the history and makeup of our physical world. We learn that matter-energy, space-time, and the laws of physics existed well before 6-8000 years, as some would have it. Most important, such observations could only happen in a universe designed to support a developing intelligent life.
With a cover-to-cover reading of scripture we learn of the history and structure of reality. That reality involves causal relationships in both the physical and metaphysical realms. John Polkinghorne (1930-2021), theoretical physicist, theologian, and Anglican priest, offers insight into the interactions of human agency and the divine:
You and I, remnants of dying stars, have recently arrived on a habitable zone planet within an incredibly old cosmos . . . and so did Abraham, Joseph, Moses, Deborah, Samson, Hannah, David, Elijah, Daniel, Ruth, Esther, Elizabeth and Mary, Peter, James, Mary of Clopas, John the elder, Saul/Paul, and Joanna the apostle. These and many others were born during pivotal times per biblical accounts. Their interaction with God made a difference to the world we live in. Their stories are told today.
The apostle Paul, who over time had come to understand the significance of all that had come before after the Damascus Road encounter with Jesus (Col. 1: 15-23), had to remind the Jewish Christians in Galatia (Gal. 4) that, like him, they were born into this world as heirs. But before they encountered the living Lord they were slaves to the “elements of the world”. The heir/slaves had been kept under guardians and stewards until a time set by God:
When the fulness of time arrived, God sent out his son, born of a woman, born under the law, so that we might he might redeem those under the law, so that we may receive adoptions as sons.
So, you and I, remnants of dying stars are to inherit all that God has created in this incredibly old cosmos.
Why you and me here and now in this ancient universe? Why this place and time? What’s our telos? Let’s space it. It’s time to get our heads out of cyberspace and ponder something greater than, say, the Twitterverse. The fulness of time has come for us, the heirs of redemption.
Lift up your eyes on high and see: Who created these? He who brings out their host and numbers them, calling them all by name; because he is great in strength, mighty in power, not one is missing. – Isaiah 40:26
“In February 2003, the WMAP project released an all-sky map of the radiation emitted before there were any stars. This cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB) is the remnant heat from the Big-Bang and was predicted already in 1946 by George Gamow and Robert Dicke.”
Stay away from PayPal:
Wherever Progressives go, rats make their home. Chicago tops the list followed by NY, LA, Washington DC and San Francisco:
Stay away from Progressives. They fondle, manipulate and mangle children:
Stay away from Progressives. They make very poor decisions:
Stay away from Progressives. They love open borders including the sexual and destruction:
“. . . people bring their national character with them when they migrate . . .”
Should this matter? Yes. Green cards should go to people who love America, not to opportunists who use the American way to plunder our country.
Stay away from Progressives, their vindictive ignorance is profound:
Stay away from Progressives. They are medical fascists:
Stay away from Progressives. They are legal fascists:
Stay away from Progressives. They will use back door tricks to silence you:
Stay away from Progressives. They drive you off the financial cliff:
As I have mentioned before, inflation is another tax . . .
Inflationary pressures and rising wages continue to benefit State tax revenues. Revenue drivers are personal income tax payments, much of which are forwarded through paycheck deductions, and sales tax payments, which are charged as percentages of the price of the goods sold. Inflation increases these prices and pay rates, thus increasing income and sales tax revenues.
In the Progressive/globalist “war against humanity” the Netherland greenies will shut down 3,000 Dutch farms to comply with EU emissions standards.
In the Progressive/globalist “war against humanity” good people will be destroyed:
In the Progressive/globalist fantasy world Disney lost $147 MILLION on lesbian lead animated film
Of course, those in power do not have to play by the rules they create.
“Italy is required to do what others are not willing to do,” she added.
God, help us!
And there’s Oh No Canada!
Universal death-as-healthcare care:
Say a big “Hell No!” to digital payments! You can be sure this is coming to the U.S.: